Let’s get started: Landscape Conservation Design
“Integrated planning: the single most important public institution and political process needed to support transformation to sustainable development. Strong planning units need to be built through enhanced partnerships of governments, universities and think tanks.”
━Transformations to Achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (2018)
Landscape conservation design is a stakeholder-driven, participatory process that:
1) integrates societal values and cross-jurisdiction, multisector interests with the best available interdisciplinary science and traditional knowledge (the people);
2) assesses spatial and temporal patterns, vulnerabilities, risks, and opportunities for landscape elements valued by stakeholders (the process);
3) results in a set of spatially explicit products and multi-objective adaptation strategies (the products);
4) protects biodiversity, conserves ecosystem services, and promotes landscapes that are resilient and sustainable for current and future generations (its purpose).
The international community is meeting at the High Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) in New York this week. The purpose of the meeting ━ entitled Transformation Towards Sustainable and Resilient Societies ━ is to check progress made on the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). A significant amount of time has been devoted to SDG 15: Life on Land, which provides a foundation for i4LCD and this blog.
Although HLPF representatives from Mexico and Switzerland called for mainstreaming biodiversity, and the European Union called for the same level of commitment to biodiversity conservation as countries have demonstrated for climate change, Anne Larigauderie (Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services) said the Aichi Biodiversity Targets will not be met by 2020, threatening SDG 15. She highlighted the need for the private sector to engage in multi-stakeholder efforts to safeguard biodiversity. Keynote speaker, Simon Levin (Princeton University) called for more systemic thinking.
An inspiring report from the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) was launched at the HLPF. It identifies six transformations needed for successful achievement of the SDG. Integrated planning is “the single most important” factor to carry out (pg. 26), with “public deliberation” and “public-private partnerships” ranked second and third.
Lets do all three using a stakeholder-driven, landscape approach. Landscape conservation design does just that!
Practitioner Spotlight ━ Genevieve Johnson, Program Manager for the Desert Landscape Conservation Cooperative / Salton Sea, Bureau of Reclamation
Practitioner Spotlight ━ Tom Miewald, Geographer/Landscape Ecologist, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Science Applications Program
Opdam, P., Luque, S., Nassauer, J., Verburg, P. H., & Wu, J. (2018). How can landscape ecology contribute to sustainability science? Landscape Ecol (2018) 33:1-7. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10980-018-0610-7
TWI2050 – The World in 2050. (2018). Transformations to Achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. Report prepared by The World in 2050 Initiative. International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg, Austria. Retrieved from http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/15347
Wiens, J. A. (2008). Landscape ecology as a foundation for sustainable conservation. Landscape Ecol (2009) 24:1053-1065. DOI 10.1007/s10980-008-9284-x